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Rand Linden

Retired Linden
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About Rand Linden

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  1. Rand Linden

    Landmarks, teleporting, and SLurls

    OK, I believe I fixed these issues.  Thanks again for pointing them out, Irene. Rand
  2. Rand Linden

    Second Life Glossary

    Irene, That's called the "message of the day" - https://wiki.secondlife.com/wiki/MOTD -  for which there is already a glossary entry.   Thanks, Rand
  3. Rand Linden

    Using your inventory

    New Tattoo is under New Clothes, not New Body Parts.
  4. Rand Linden


    Thanks for bumping, Irene.  This just fell through the cracks.  It's an excellent suggestion.  I added the section "Keep it suitable for everyone." Currently, we have "official / policy" information in the wiki's "Linden Lab Official" namespace, and all other information here on the community site.  The reason is largely historical and logistical - we haven't had the time or resources to move that info into Lithium. Rand 
  5. Rand Linden

    P+F sobre Hogares Linden

    Irene, No, it's a good question.  We are revising many of the KB articles now, and often consolidating several related articles into one.  In this case, we have moved the content of the English article "Linden Homes FAQ" into Linden Homes.  I will change the link in the "In other languages" box accordingly. Unfortunately, Lithium does not have a good mechanism for redirects.  You can rename an article, which will redirect to the new article URL, but you cannot have more than one article redirect to the same location.  Thus, when we merge several related articles into a single article, only one can redirect to the new article.  The others we have to either just delete or put in a "soft" redirect (simply a link to the new article). Thanks, Rand
  6. Rand Linden

    World Map and Mini-Map

    AHA!  For a second there, I thought I was going crazy! ;-) Glad you figured it out. Rand
  7. Rand Linden

    World Map and Mini-Map

    Irene, I just tested this with Viewer 3.2.8 and double-clicking on the Mini-map DOES open the world map.  Double-clicking on the World map teleports you. As for the notes about "retranslation" they should not appear--there was a small CSS mistake that I just fixed.   What's going on here is that we are "transcluding" (to use a wiki term) Viewer Help articles from the wiki.  In this case, the articles https://wiki.secondlife.com/wiki/Viewerhelp:World_Map and https://wiki.secondlife.com/wiki/Viewerhelp:Mini-Map are being transcluded.  We have a custom in-house application that "reskins" the wiki articles and then we include them in the Lithium article using a simple HTML iframe. This enables us to reuse the same content, and save on translation  and maintenance costs.  The Viewer Help articles have templates that we use to track their status (in-progress, "ready for review", "in translation" and so on).  See https://wiki.secondlife.com/wiki/Viewer_Help_Templates for details.  So I just had to correct an error in https://wiki.secondlife.com/wiki/Template:Modified_Translated_Help_Article so that the template would not be displayed when the wiki article is transcluded into a Lithium article.  Due to the way our custom app. caches pages, you may still see this template for the next 24 hrs.  But then it should not appear any longer. Thanks again for noticing!! Rand
  8. Rand Linden

    Renting land from other Residents

    Thanks, Irene.  This is still a work in progress, and I am revising reorganizing all the KB land articles.  So please wait a little while before making suggestions. Thanks, Rand
  9. Rand Linden

    Renting land from other Residents

    Overview Why rent on a private estate? Billing relationship Types of land for rent How to find private estates on which to rent land Important things to be aware of Renting land on the mainland? Determining a land parcel's owner Some landowners charge alternate tier for rentals on private Regions Overview Any Resident who owns an estate can rent part or all of the estate to other Residents. This effectively means that a Resident, including one who's on a basic account, can "buy" parcels on an estate and move in, subject to the covenant of the estate owner. Specific terminology differs internationally (some call this "leaseholding"), and the semantics of "rent" vs. "buy" aren't so important here as understanding the practical principles. So for convenience, we'll use "rent" from this point onward as it's the most common. Also, we'll refer to a "Resident estate owner" as a "landlord", because you're effectively paying them as a "tenant". As in: if you rent land on a private estate, this makes you the tenant of a landlord. Why rent on a private estate? There are several reasons why you might want to rent land rather than buy. No Premium account required You must have a premium account to buy land on the mainland since mainland tier is part of a Premium account's benefits. You can remain at a basic account to rent land on a private estate. This may be preferable if you've found rental land that has a cheaper monthly rate than the Linden tier system and offers other benefits. If you have a premium account and meet other conditions, you can simultaneously own mainland and rent on private estates. It isn't an "either-or" choice. Close-knit community... Linden Lab offers several Linden Home themes to acquaint you with the variety of what's possible with "themed living" in Second Life. But that's just a sampler of the spectrum of diversity available here. A landlord may have a lifelong interest and a deep passion for a focused theme. In some cases, they've brought it from their real life as an extension of their identity, and you may be able to strongly relate to those beliefs — which encourages you to be part of the community they're building. Themes reflect all angles of creativity. To be less abstract, they may involve a certain real-world environment, a fantasy or historical atmosphere, or be specifically tailored to a subculture (goth, furry, steampunk, etc.). If you're into gaming, some of these themes complement roleplaying on the same premises: you could be a cyberpunk courier living across a dystopian skyline, an elite debutante partying it up at your luxury pad, or a seafarin' swashbuckler in search of booty. Over time as Second Life expands, more interests are met and needs are fulfilled. Some tenants graduate to become landlords themselves. In addition, if you are at least 18 years old, there are adult-themed communities for your discreet pleasures. ... or start from scratch If you'd prefer to start from scratch, there's a lot of rental land that's blank and ready to be molded into your vision. What are some advantages over blank mainland? Depending on what the landlord offers, these are some possibilities: Greater terraform range - As noted in land limits, most mainland can only be terraformed +/- 4m from its base, which isn't enough to create staggering heights and deep valleys. Custom terrain textures - Only the landlord and assistants (estate owner and managers) can change these, but you may be able to request a switch. These affect a lot of what you see, since the ground is often beneath your feet. Time of day - It would look odd if a vampires' den was in bright daylight. A landlord can lock the time of day at midnight, then invite tenants who thrive on darkness. These and more options are shown in the REGION/ESTATE_-_TERRAIN and related controls, and not changeable at-will unless you own or manage an estate. The personal touch Some landlords go beyond a financial relationship: they or specially-chosen Residents (estate managers) interact with their tenants frequently, host events, and expand the community based on your feedback. This sort of intimate empowerment to affect change can be very appealing. That's not all: themed communities may offer on-location stores and other amenities as a convenience. For example, if you rent land in a medieval village, it makes sense to find a shop selling knight's armor and period dresses — and if there's a supernatural aspect, magic wands. If you continue up the street, there could be a banquet hall for dances, a monastery for meditation, and other dwellings used for social events so you can meet-and-greet your likeminded neighbors. This adds to the overall theme and immersion of the community and can add substantial value to your experience. Customization and negotiation On the mainland, you can't negotiate your Linden tier fees. Also, if you wanted to make your parcel a tiny bit larger, it's really hard do that: neighbors may be nice but not typically welcoming of subdividing and selling only a sliver of their parcel. But a sympathetic landlord may hear your pleas. Just like you might with a real-life landlord, you can try negotiating a better deal: perhaps you'll pay a bigger L$ sum upfront covering several months of rent. Or you can explain what your budget is and the landlord will try to connect you with a parcel that meets what you can afford. Billing relationship The basic process of renting land on an estate is the same as buying on the mainland: unless another arrangement has been made, in the About Land window's GENERAl tab, click the Buy Land button to proceed with your purchase. However the billing relationship is very different than on the mainland: If you buy land on the mainland, your billing relationship is with Linden Lab and dependent on the tier system on the Land Use Fees page. If you rent land on a private estate, your billing relationship is with another Resident — your landlord — and is dependent on their covenant. Types of land for rent Undeveloped land on... Developed land on... the mainland a private estate the mainland a private estate Themed? Is there a pre-built house or store ready for you to move into? No; build-it-yourself No; build-it-yourself Yes; ask landlord about special features Yes; ask landlord about special features Terraform range Usually +/- 4 m Depends; up to +/- 100 m Depends; usually +/- 4 m or blocked Depends; up to +/- 100 m Custom terrain textures and environment settings? No Maybe; ask landlord No Unlikely since land is already themed; ask landlord Land usage rules The TOS always applies Mainland policies, also ask landlord Landlord'scovenant Mainland policies, also ask landlord Landlord's covenant Do you "buy" a parcel to rent it? Buying a parcel shows you as the owner inABOUT LAND No, you pay a rent box or similar device Yes, but landlord can reclaim it at their discretion No, you pay a rent box or similar device Yes, but landlord can reclaim it at their discretion How to find private estates on which to rent land You can use the Viewer's search tool: Enter a keyword like beach or vampire in the search bar on the upper-right of the Viewer window and press Enter ↵. In the FIND window that opens, click the Land Sales tab. Next to Category, choose For Sale - Estate and edit the other fields as-needed. Click a listing to view more details, then click Teleport to travel there in seconds. Also: The Second Life Wiki has a list of landlords compiled by Residents. If you're a landlord, feel free to add yours! Some land companies have their own websites which can make it easier to browse offerings and get connected. Second Life Marketplace has categories for mainland parcels and private islands for sale. To tell if you are on a private estate: Choose World > Place Profile > About Land. Click the GENERAL tab. Look for the Type field. It will say either "Mainland," "Linden Homes," or "Estate/Full Region". Important things to be aware of Caveat emptor — buyer beware! This isn't meant to scare you, but encourage you to be assertive when looking for rental land. Just as there are all kinds of people in the world, there are all kinds of landlords with individual styles, some of which may mesh better with you depending the personalities involved. With that in mind: The landlord always has the final say When renting land on a private estate, the "owner" in ABOUT LAND - GENERAL shows your name, but the landlord reserves the right to change that at any time. This means they can reclaim the land and offer it to someone else on a whim. Linden Lab doesn't mediate if your landlord is hostile. If you have a consistently great relationship with your landlord, you don't have to worry about getting kicked out. But if you find yourself getting into quarrels, you may want to consider relocating. Hopefully you've done your homework to minimize getting into such a situation. Always check the covenant before you buy The covenant is the terms and conditions of rental land, always shown in ABOUT LAND - COVENANT. In other words, what you can and can't do if you rent this land. For example, there may be a dress code of how avatars should appear to match the theme. Covenants often include a code of conduct in addition to Linden Lab's Community Standards. Some rules that apply on the mainland may not apply on an estate. For example, a landlord could decree "Combat is allowed for all!", then make their land a constant warzone where no one could be accused of "griefing with weapons" because it's part of the theme. Warning: The Terms of Service apply to every Resident, everywhere in Second Life, including on private estates. A landlord can change the covenant at any time, but shouldn't do so without notifying tenants first or even more considerate, soliciting their input. (Similar to how you wouldn't like it if your cell phone provider changed your contract in a detrimental way without notice.) The last-modified date of a covenant is always shown. Learn more about covenants. Ask for testimonials and references Like any successful business, a landlord should be able to point to delighted customers. Renting land from someone may feel more confident if you have friends who've rented from that landlord before and have good things to say about the experience, as well as downsides that aren't major causes for concern but nevertheless good to know. It helps to ask because a little research can save you lots of troubles in the future. Be clear on your billing relationship Before buying, be sure to ask: How much is rent? Is it paid in L$ or US$? How often is it paid? Monthly or otherwise? How do I pay it? Methods range from "pay the landlord directly" to "pay a scripted box" to "payment form on a website". Savvy landlords figure out ways to manage this with minimum overhead so miscommunication is minimized. Can payment be automated? Just like in the real world, this can be really convenient and assures as long as you have funds, you won't be delinquent. Renting land on the mainland? You may have heard that some Residents offer land for rent on the mainland, which works differently in some regards. One big difference is that you don't do the act of buying a parcel (which shows you as the parcel owner in ABOUT LAND - GENERAL as described above). instead, you might be offered to join a group which gives you the permission to place objects on a designated parcel with your group tag. This arrangement is common in many mainland malls, where stalls are rented out (and there may be advertisements for such an arrangement). A similar pattern can be found in cottages, hotels, and other destinations. Remember that the above, for simplicity's sake, describes some of the many possibilities that exist and continue to grow. Consult specific situations to get accurate details. Determining a land parcel's owner To find out who owns a parcel of land: Stand on or hover above the land parcel, then go to World > About Land. The About Land window opens. Click the General tab. Locate the listing for Owner. If a Resident is listed as the owner, click Profile to view the Resident's profile. If (Group Owned) is listed as the owner, the land belongs to a group. Click Info to view the group's information. Owners of a group will be listed in bold text. Some landowners charge alternate tier for rentals on private Regions Residents buying or renting parcels on Private Regions and Estates are subject to the covenant that governs the land they're renting. If you rent land that's in a Private Region, you're not paying Linden Lab -- you're paying the Estate owner. The way in which the Estate owner sets up payments and what they charge is entirely up to them. Understand that by renting from another Resident, you run the risk that this Resident may decide to leave Second Life, without refunding anything you may have paid them. Linden Lab is not party to any agreement the two of you may have, however, if you wish to pursue this matter outside of Second Life, please know that Linden Lab cooperates fully with any real-world justice officials or law enforcement agencies credentialed with appropriate civil or criminal jurisdiction.
  10. Rand Linden

    Managing your parcel

    Thanks again for the input, Irene!  I added that requirement, and split out the prerequisites to join two parcels.   Rand
  11. Rand Linden

    Parcel media

    Thanks, Irene.  I removed that link.
  12. Overview Backing up your user settings and preferences Procedure Windows 7 Windows 10 Mac OS Overview Typically, when you install a new version of the Second Life Viewer, you can simply install over your existing version. However, if you are experiencing problems, one of the first things to do is completely uninstall your current version and reinstall the same or a newer version. Sometimes this is referred to as a clean install. A clean install may help if there is an unusual issue affecting the Viewer user interface (UI), or if a Resident is having difficulty loading UI elements such as windows or menus. It can also be done to restore lost settings or return things to a default setup, if somehow the settings in the Viewer have changed or become unusuable. It doesn't usually hurt and can sometimes fix things that otherwise defy explanation. It's important to clear out temporary Second Life files (such as the cache) when reinstalling. Note: Uninstalling deletes your chat and IM logs. If you want to keep them, save the files before you uninstall. See Backing up your user settings and preferences for more information. Backing up your user settings and preferences One of the reasons to do a clean install of the Second Life Viewer is to fix problems that might be caused by user settings, but if you'd like to keep a backup of your current settings 'just in case', you can do that prior to your clean installation. Your user settings and preferences are saved in a local folder on your computer. This is how your viewer knows what preferences to use when it loads -- everything from your Graphics Preferences to your Privacy Settings are saved there. Before you do a clean install, you may wish to back-up these settings. Your text chat logs are also stored in a folder, which has the same name as your avatar, and if you'd like to save them, you can do so at the same time. The first step is to locate your SecondLife directory (or folder). This is where your user_settings folder can be found, as well as your avatar name folder. Finding your settings folder in Windows The folder is usually located at C:\Users\<username>\AppData\Roaming. If you install Second Life in a different location, the path is different. In any case, to get to the right place: In Windows Explorer, click the Start Button. In the search field, type %appdata% and press Enter ↵. In Windows 7, it's labeled "Search programs and files" In Windows 10, you can access it by right-clicking the Start Button and choosing Search In the window that appears, open the SecondLife folder. Inside the Second Life folder, right-click the user_settings folder and choose Copy Navigate to a different folder (or directory) and click Paste. (You can also right-click on your Desktop and paste the folder there, which can make it easier to find later). Repeat this process for your avatar name folder. Your folder will be named something like governor.linden. For simplicity, copy this folder to the same location you used for the user_settings folder. Finding your settings folder on a Mac By default, Mac OS X tends to keep the Library folder hidden. If you're having trouble, open Finder > Go and hold down the Option key; then click Library. From here, you can see the Application Support directory. The SecondLife folder is located inside. The user_settings folder is located at: ~Library/Application Support/SecondLife Inside the Second Life folder, right-click (or control-click) the user_settings folder and choose Copy Navigate to a different folder (or directory) and click Paste. You can also right-click on your Desktop and paste the folder there, which can make it easier to find later. Repeat this process for your avatar name folder. Your folder will be named something like governor.linden. For simplicity, copy this folder to the same location you used for the user_settings folder. Procedure The procedure to use for a clean uninstall and reinstall depends on your operating system: Windows 7 Windows 10 Mac OS Windows 7 Open C:\Users\<username>\AppData\Local and delete the contents of your Temp folder and the SecondLife folder. Uninstall Second Life using the Programs and Features tool in the Windows Control Panel. Download and install the latest release of the Second Life Viewer from http://secondlife.com/support/downloads/. If you can't see the files or folders described above: In Windows Explorer, choose Organize > Folder and Search Options. Click the View tab. Select Show hidden files, folders, and drives. Click OK. Windows 10 Open C:\Users\<username>\AppData\Local and delete the contents of the Second Life folder. Open C:\Users\<username>\AppData\Roaming and delete the contents of the Second Life folder. Uninstall Second Life using the Apps and Features tool in Windows Settings. Download and install the latest release of the Second Life Viewer from http://secondlife.com/support/downloads/. If you can't see the files or folders described above in File Explorer: In File Explorer, click the View tab. Make sure the Hidden items checkbox is selected. Mac OS Open Your Macs applications folder and find The Second Life viewers Icon Drag and Drop the Icon from the applications folder into the trash bin Open ~/Library/Caches/SecondLife and delete all of the cache files
  13. Rand Linden

    Information for educators

    Verified, approved educators and non-profit institutions purchase land through the Second Life invoicing site: specialorders.secondlife.com. This site provides invoicing for educators and certain other customers. See Invoicing for special orders for more information. Note: Educators can purchase a Homestead Region without owning a full private region. The invoicing option is available though the special orders selection in the Land Store. See also: Second Life Education FAQs Other resources for educators in Second Life Educator success stories Institution directory How to create a secure space for a classroom setting
  14. Rand Linden

    Graphics cards

    Thanks, Nalates.  I removed the reference to Driver Sweeper.
  15. Rand Linden

    System Requirements

    Please see the official Second Life System Requirements page.  For additional information, see Graphics Cards.
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