Permissions enable you to control what other people can do with the things you create. Permissions control:
- Copying: whether someone can make copies of your work.
- Modifying: whether someone can change your work.
- Transferring: also known as "Resell/Give Away."
If the the object is inworld (rezzed), right-click it and choose Edit, then navigate to the General tab. If the object is in your inventory, right-click it and choose Properties.
Permissions refers to the abilities the next owner will have over the object or item. They are:
Modify: Checking this lets the next owner modify your creation. Unchecking it denies any modifications.
Copy: Checking this lets the next owner copy your creation. If they drag the object from inventory to inworld, they will retain a copy in inventory. Unchecking it denies any copies; if they drag the object inworld it will leave their inventory until taken back into inventory.
Transfer: Checking this lets the next owner give your creation to someone else. If the object permits copying, they can sell copies. If the object does not permit copying, they can only sell the original. Unchecking this means the next owner cannot give the object to anyone else. If the object permits copying but not transferring, they can make as many copies as they want for their own uses, but can never give a copy away or sell it.
Important: Permission settings set while object is in your inventory are not cross-checked with contents until rezzed. For example if you place a no-copy item in a copy enabled prim the prim becomes no-copy. If you place that prim in your inventory and change back to copy enabled this state persists even after transferring to another resident because permissions are not cross-checked with contents until the object is rezzed. If you are not careful you can allow receiving resident to copy no-copy items.
For safety, always make permission changes to rezzed objects only. First, rez a copy of an object to confirm the permissions look the way you want, then take that object back to your inventory. You can now use this verified copy in vendors, in your Marketplace store, or simply to give away to others, knowing that the permissions are correct.
|Tip: Use the object's Name to keep track of changes you make by adding a version number at the end of the name. If you have 14 copies of "Fancy Couch" in your inventory, it can be hard to track which one is the most recent. If you add a version number to the end of the name and update it when you make changes, you'll know which copy is the most recent -- "Fancy Couch v.1.1" is newer than "Fancy Couch v.1.0".|
Unfortunately, you cannot regain permissions for an object you have given to someone else. Linden Lab is unable to reset permissions on an object; the permissions you give the next owner are permanently marked as the most lenient permissions the object can ever have in the future.
If permissions allow, it is a good idea to create a backup copy of an object before you give it to someone else. This way, you always have a copy of the "most permissive" version of the object!
Permissions let you control what other people can do with things you create. The basic permissions include: Copy (whether someone can make copies of your work), Modify (whether someone can change your work), and Transfer. If the object is inworld (rezzed), right-click it and choose Edit, then click the General tab. If the object is in your inventory, right-click it and choose Properties.
Under Next owner:
- Modify - Checking this lets the next owner modify your creation. Unchecking it denies modifications. One exception to this falls under "fair use": an object can always be removed from the contents of another object, even if the container object is no-modify.
- Copy - Checking this lets the next owner copy your creation. If they drag the object from inventory to inworld, they retain a copy in inventory. Unchecking it denies any copies; if they drag the object inworld, it leaves their inventory until taken back into inventory.
- Transfer: Checking this lets the next owner transfer your creation to someone else. If the object is also copy-enabled, they can sell copies. If the object doesn't permit copies, they can only sell the original. Unchecking Transfer means the next owner can't give the object to anyone else. If the object is set to Copy but not Transfer, they can make as many copies as they want for their own uses, but can never give a copy away or sell it.
Other relevant permissions are:
- Share with group - If an object is set to a group, this allows other members of the same group to edit it, dependent on restrictive permissions. This can make collaborative building easier since for example, group members can move shared objects. As with permissions in general, be careful of who else has access to your objects, and don't enable this if it's not needed. See also "How do I manage objects on group-owned land?".
- Allow anyone to move - If this option is checked, anyone can move your object. This is rarely used because most people don't want complete strangers either unintentionally or maliciously destroying their building projects.
- Allow anyone to copy - Anyone can take a copy of the object by right-clicking it, then choosing More > Take Copy from the pie menu. However, this feature can be confusing to use because the object and all of its contents must be fully-permissive and also have Allow anyone to copy checked. As a result, most people opt to use an easier alternative: set the object for sale as a free (L$0) copy instead.
The Second Life Viewer includes some features for setting your default permissions. When you create new items, they'll have your chosen permissions set on them by default.
- Go to Me > Preferences > Advanced > Default Creation Permissions.
- A window appears allowing you to specify Next owner permissions. Check the ones you want to enable for each item type; you can set different defaults for different types of items, like Notecards, Scripts or Objects. Uploads refers to both Textures and Screenshots; Settings are Environmental Settings like skies, water, or day cycles.
- Click OK to save your selected preferences.
The second way to bulk-set permissions is when the items are in an object's contents:
- Right-click an object with contents you want to change.
- Click the Content tab.
- Click Permissions button.
- Check or uncheck content (item) types whose permissions you want to change. You can also click All or uncheck All to select or deselect them globally. By the way, "Textures" and "Snapshots" are essentially the same thing and both are represented under Textures. (Click Help in the "Bulk change content permissions" window for more technical background and caveats.)
- Similar to setting default permissions when uploading, there's a Next owner section here. Check the ones you want to enable or disable. Doing this is dependent on an item's already-restricted permissions: you can't make a no-copy object copyable.
- When you're satisfied with your settings, click Apply and wait a few seconds. The permissions are applied.